Gastrointestinal Surgery

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Dr. Mukesh Kumar Gupta (M.S, MCh)

1st March Gastro Surgeon of Uttrakhand

S.N Medical College, Agra
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi
G.B Pant Hospital, New Delhi


Cholecystectomy (Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal Surgery)

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) removes the gallbladder and gallstones through several small cuts (incisions) in the abdomen.

Gallbladder removal is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. Gallbladder removal surgery is usually performed with minimally invasive techniques and the medical name for this procedure is “Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy”.

What Are the Symptoms?

You might not notice anything, or even know you have gallstones unless your doctor tells you. But if you do get symptoms, they usually include:

  • Pain in your upper belly and upper back that can last for several hours
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Other digestive problems

These stones may block the flow of bile out of the gallbladder, causing it to swell and resulting in sharp abdominal pain, vomiting, indigestion and, occasionally, fever. If the gallstone blocks the common bile duct, jaundice (a yellowing of the skin) can occur.

How To Diagnose?

If your doctor thinks you may have gallstones, he’ll give you a physical exam. You may also get:

Blood tests to check for signs of infection or obstruction, and to rule out other conditions.

Ultrasound. This quick procedure is done in your doctor’s office, and it makes images of the inside of your body.

CT scan. Specialized X-rays allow your doctor to see inside your body, including your gallbladder.


 There are two different kinds of operations.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This is the more common procedure. The surgeon passes instruments, a light, and a camera through several small cuts in the belly. He views the inside of the body on a video monitor. Afterward, you spend the night in the hospital. Laparoscopic surgery is used most commonly when no factors are present that may complicate the surgery.

Open cholecystectomy. The surgeon makes bigger cuts in the belly to remove the gallbladder. You stay in the hospital for a few days after the operation.

Advantages of Performing Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal?

  • Rather than a five to seven-inch incision, the operation requires only four small openings in the abdomen.
  • Patients usually have minimal post-operative pain.
  • No Blood Loss
  • Patients usually experience the faster recovery than open gallbladder surgery patients.
  • Most patients go home the same day of the surgery and enjoy a quicker return to normal activities.

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